General Bourbon History Time line

There's a lot of history and 'lore' behind bourbon so discuss both here.

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General Bourbon History Time line

Unread postby bourbonv » Fri Aug 05, 2005 7:17 pm

Hold on to your pants, Linn, this is a big one! Everything you ever wanted to see in bourbon history, well almost.

Bourbon Heritage

1622 - Captain James Thorpe is making beer from Indian Corn.
Is killed by native Americans later that year (The Book
of Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.17).

1637 - John Medley immigrated to Maryland from England,
bringing a still with him. (Bluegrass, Belles and
Bourbon, Harry Harrison Kroll).

1640 - William Kleft, Dir General Dutch colony New York
ordered distillation. Wilhelm Hendrikson, distiller
used both corn and rye for the mash (Murphy, World
Bk W p 116).

1657 - The earliest refrence to American rum, in the records of Massachusetts General Court.

1698 - William Laird settles in Monmouth County, New Jersey
and starts to make applejack (The Book of Bourbon...,
Gary and Mardee Regan, p.19).

1733 - The Molasses Act is imposed upon the American Colonies.

1737 - Legend has it that the first "russet brown whisky" in Scotland is sold (Liquor Store Magazine, June 1968, p.44).

1744 - Leonard and David Barnetz establish a distillery at York Pa. (Patterson's California Beverage Gazetteer, Oct. 1970).

1753 - The Schenk family operate a distillery and grist mill on Hammer Creek, near Schaefferstown, Pa. (Patterson's California Beverage Gazetteer, Oct. 1970).

1762 - Daniel Weller is born (Filson Club, Weller Family
Papers).

1764 - The Sugar Act extended the Molasses Act forbidding the importation of rum and spirits from foriegn sources.

1771 - Samuel Purviance builds Marylands first distillery (Patterson's California Beverage Gazetteer, Oct.1970).

1775 - John Ritchie comes to Kentucky and Builds a house. Soon after he builds a distillery with a one bushel per day capacity. (M F Coomes, Speech before the Filson Club, Jan. 7, 1895).

o - THe Wine and Spririts Bulletin reports that the ruins of the Ritchie distillry can still be found (Feb. 1, 1901).

1780 - Elijah Pepper starts distilling whiskey at Versailles,
Ky. His son Oscar and grandson James E. used the
trademark "Old 1776" and the slogan "Born with the
Republic". (C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - Samuels Family first comes to Kentucky (Courier
-Journal, Oct. 3, 1992).

o - It is said that Ritchie and some companions take a flat boat full of whiskey to New Orleans this year (M F Coomes, Talk before the Filson Club, Jan. 7, 1895).

o - Captain Henry Wilson identifies three distillers located in Kentucky for this year. These three distillers are Jacob Meyers, Joseph Davis and Samuel Davis. The Davis brothers only had small stills of about 40 gallon capacity and they had brought them over the mountains on muleback. (Crowgey, Kentucky Bourbon, p.138).

1783 - 1rst distillery in Kentucky (Murphy, Wrld Bk W p 120).

o - First recorded production in a small distillery in
Louisville (Kentucky Tavern brand leaflet).
May have only been straight Kentucky Corn Whiskey,
not bourbon (F B Thompson, Spirit of Old Kentucky).

1785 - Jacob Beam comes to Kentucky (Nelson County Record,
1896).

o - Bourbon County is organized by the Virginia Legislature.

1788 - Jacob Beam starts his first distillery at Early Times
(Nelson County Record, 1896).

1787 - Samuel Weller is born (Filson Club, Weller Family
Papers).

1789 - Elijah Craig casks his first spirit (Murphy, Wrld Bk
W p 120).

o - "Most historians agree that the first true Bourbon
came from a "fulling mill" owned by the Rev. Elijah
Craig - Some have suggested the first distiller was
Jacob Spear, an immigrant from Pennsylvania, others
Daniel Steward or John Hamilton (Kentucky Tavern
brand leaflet).

1790 - 1800 - The Whiskey rebellion ad its aftermath.
Resistance to the tax was equally widespread in
Kentucky but there was an official cover-up of the
events in Kentucky to make it seem to have less
oposition to the tax in Kentucky. There was massive
civil disobedience and occasional violence in Kentucky
(Federal Courts in the Early Republic: Kentucky 1789 -
1816, Mary K Bonsteel Tachau).

o - Kentucky was spared the military option for the
suppression of the Whiskey rebellion for two main
reasons: The first reason was geography - it was simply
too difficult to get troops over the mountains to
suppress the rebellion. The second reason was the fear
that a show of force would drive the "into the arms of
France or Spain" (Federal Courts, Tachau).

o - Albert Gallatin, Secratary of Treasury under Jefferson:
The people of Kentucky are "distillers through
necessity not choice, that [they] may comprehend the
greatest value on the smallest size and weight".
(Federal Courts, Tachau).

o - Alexander Hamilton states in a letter that duties on
liquor should be based on "proof determined by Dycas's
Hydrometer". (Early American Spirits, Alfred J
Liebmann).

o - Spears is reported to have established his distillery in Kentucky (Patterson's California Beverage Gazetteer, Oct. 1970).

1792 - Kentucky is admitted to the Union as the 15th State.

1793 - Mercer County distiller advertised that he had 500 gallons of "Old Whiskey" for sale (The Formative Years of Kentucky's Whiskey Industry, Crowgey, pp.193-194).

1794 - Whiskey Rebellion against Federal tax to pay the
$21 war debt from the Revolution. Washington deployed
the Federal Army. see 1802 (C. Lee Hist of Glenmore).

o - Elijah Pepper is said to be one of the few Kentucky
distillers who could afford to pay the excise tax on
whiskey and so survives the first consolidation of the
industry (Spirits, 1935, Filson Club).

o - Canada has its first excise tax on whiskey stills (200
Years of Tradition: The Story of Canadian Whisky).

1797 - James Morrison succedes Col. Marshall as Inspector of
the Revenue in Kentucky (Federal Courts, Tachau).

1799 - John Molson Builds a brewery and distillery in Montreal
(200 Years of Tradition, p.14)

1800 - John Medley VI comes to Kentucky through the Cumberland
Gap. He brings a still with him. (Bluegrass, Belles and
Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Daniel Weller is running a distillery in Nelson Co. Ky.
(Filson Club, Weller Family Papers).

1802 - Jefferson repealed the whiskey tax of 1794 (C Lee,
Hist of Glenmore).

1805 - A distillery is built at Happy Hollow (World Guide to
Whiskey, Jackson).

1807 - Daniel Weller dies and his inventory of estate list two
stills amongst his possessions (Nelson Co. Inventory of
Estate Book).

1808 - First organized soceity for the advancement of
temprance formed in Moreau New York (Bev. Med. Blue
Book, Prohibition).

1809 - Oscar Pepper is born (C Cowdery, Heritage of James E
Pepper).

1812 - Medely Distilling Co [Ezra Brooks] (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - War of 1812 is paid for by levying an excise tax on
whiskey (Kentucky Encyclopedia, Syvertsen).

o - Old Overholt distillery founded (Fortune, Nov. 33).

1814 - Decorative glass flask for bourbon from the barrel
first introduced (Getz p100).

o - Elijah Noble notified customers that he had for sale "100 barrels two years old Whiskey" (The Formative Years of Kentucky's Whiskey Industry, Crowgey, p196).

1815 - Samuel Weller purchases his father's stills (Nelson Co.
Sales/Bills Book).

1816 - Hiram Walker is born (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - The Hope Distillery is built in Louisville, Ky. (The
Book of Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.35).

1817 - Excise tax is ended as debt is paid (Syversten,
Kentucky Encyclopedia).

1818 - George Dickel born in Germany.

o - Smirnoff distillery founded in Moscow, Russia (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1819 - Henry McKenna is born (Kentucky Standard, April 15,
1976).

1820 - OLd Tub (Beam and Hart) Distillery established in
Nelson County (Kentucky's Liquor Industry, Atherton,
Filson Club Archives)

o - James Crow comes to America (Belles, Bluegrass, and
Bourbon, Harry Harrison Kroll).

1821 - The first known advertisement for bourbon is printed in the Bourbon County newspaper, Western Citizen, as the firm Stout and Adams advertises "Bourbon Whiskey by the barrel or keg." (Crowgey, Kentucky Bourbon, p.120).

1823 - Description of the "Sour Mash" method of making whiskey is printed in the "Gazett" (The Formative Years of Kentucky's Whiskey Industry, Crowgey, p.209).

1825 - William LaRue Weller is born (N Morgan, 15/10/92).

o - Alfred Eaton is credited with the creation of the
"Lincoln County Process" for making Tennessee Whisky
(The Book of Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.36).

1826 - The American Temperance Society is founded in Boston
(The Book of Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p. 43).

1830 - Liquor Ration ended in the United States Army.

1831 - Elijah Pepper dies (C Cowdery, Heritage of James E
Pepper).

1832 - Gooderham and Worts distillery founded in Canada (Bev
Med Blue Book, History).

1833 - David Beam is born (Nelson County Record, 1896).

1834 - Charles Fleischmann is born near Budapest, Hugary. (UD
Archives, 992.m.169).

1836 - Yellowstone "One of Kentucky's earliest and best
known distillers made this for his personal use.
Given name Yellowstone in 1872. (F B Thompson, Spirit
of Old Kentucky).

o - J W Dant built distillery (N Morgan 18/11/91) at
Dant (Kentucky Bev Jrnl Nov '56).

o - Henry McKenna comes to America (History of Nelson
County, Henry McKenna).

1838 - Oscar Pepper builds Old Oscar Pepper Distillery. (C
Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - Dr. James C Crow hired by Pepper as distiller. Credited with first using residue from the previous batch of
sour mash to prepare new batch. (C Cowdery, Hert. James
E Pepper).

o - Henry McKenna comes to Kentucky (History of Nelson
County, McKenna).

1840 - Whiskey produced in Bourbon County [then much larger]
known as "bourbon" (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - The special bottle of E G Booz' Old Cabin Whiskey. This
could have led to the popular use of the word "booze"
for liquor . (Getz p102).

o - Note: The Oxford dictionary states that the word is
several centuries older than the "Booz" bottle.

o - Joseph Park and John Tilford found Park and Tilford
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - George T Stagg founds a distillery (Kentucky's Liquor
Industry, Atherton, Filson Club Archives).

1842 - John H Weller is born (Filson Club, Weller Family
Papers).

1844 - 12,000 temprance supports stage a demonstration in the
Boston Commons (Bev. Med. Blue Book, Prohibition).

o - T W Samuels opens his first commercial distillery
(History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

1846 - "First printed mention of Bourbon of which writer is
aware." (Carson, Soc Hist B p49).

o - Maximillian Flieschmann is born in Austria. (UD
Archives, 992.m.169)

o - Carrie Nation is born in Kentucky (The Book of
Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.62).

1848 - David McKenna is Born (Nelson County Record, 1896).

o - The oldest bottle with "Bourbon" on its label. Distilled by M. Bininger & Co. of New York City and owned by a private collector in Maine (Maryland-Washington-Delaware Beverage Journal, April 1972).

1849 - William L Weller & Sons, traders, founded. (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - Weller uses slogan "Honest whiskey at an honest price".
(UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - Monarch Distillery founded in Owensboro (U D Archives,
992.m.192).

1851 - Prohibition Mk I - Illinois followed Maine in declaring
prohibition (Penguin Chronology).

1852 - George Pence Weller is born (Filson Club, Weller Family
Papers).

1853 - Thomas Moore is born in Louisville (Origins of Barton,
Dalton).

1854 - Samuel Weller dies in a typhoid epidemic that kills
many members of his household (J Jacobi, 23/10/92).

o - J W Dant makes the first barrel of the whiskey that
later became Yellowstone (Spirits, 1936, Filson Club).

1855 - George Dickel sets up in business (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Friend P Pitts founds Austin, Nichols and Co. (Bev Med
Blue Book, History).

o - H McKenna starts his distillery to use the excess grain
from his flour mill (Courier-Journal, Feb. 18, 1934).

o - James McKenna is born (Spirit, 1934).

o - M P Mattingly starts distilling in Daviess County Kentucky (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1856 - Dr. James C Crow dies at the age of 67. (C Cowdery,
Hert. James E Pepper).

1857 - Joseph E Seagram builds a distillery on his farm (Bev
Med Blue Book, History).

1858 - Hiram Walker is founded (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Headly and Farra found the Henry Clay Distillery
(Kentucky's Distilling Industry, Atherton, Filson Club
Archives).

circa 1859 - George Medley is born. (Bluegrass, Belles and
Bourbon, Kroll).

1861-1865 - American Civil War.

1861 - Stafford McKenna is born (Nelson County Record, 1896).

1862 - Excise tax on whiskey reimposed to raise funds for
Civil War (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Charles Weller is robbed and murdered in Clarksville,
Tennessee (J Jacobi, 23/10/92).

o - Andrew Hueblein founds his company (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - Albert J Hart is born (Nelson County Record, 1896).

o - The United States Navy ends its rationing of spirits.

1863 - John Weller is wounded in the battle of Chickamauga
(Filson Club, Weller Family Papers).

o - Early Times Distillery is founded (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - Blandford and Bro. acquire the M P Mattingly distillery in Daviess County (Hiatory of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1864 - James B Beam is born (Nelson County Record, 1896).

o - Creel Brown Sr. is born. (The son of J T S Brown Jr),
(Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

1865 - J B Dant. son of J W Dant, builds distillery (later
Yellowstone). Described as transference from Dant to
Gethsemane (Kentucky Bev Jrnl Nov '56).

o - After the defeat of the Confederate Armies in which
they served, Weller's sons William, George, and John
join the family business. (UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - D H Taylor and Co. is formed (Illustrated Louisville,
1890).

1866 - Jack Daniels Distillery is founded (Nothing Better,
Pearce).

o - E. C. Berry builds a distillery in Daviess County with a 60 to70 bushels per day capacity (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1867 - Oscar Pepper dies and son James E. takes over
distillery. (C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - Adam and Ben Chapeze found their distillery at Chapeze
Station (Chapeze Family File, Filson Club).

o - S C Herbst establishes a distillery in Franklin County
(Kentucky's Liquor Industry, Atherton, Pearce).

o - John Atherton builds his distillery at Athertonville,
Ky. (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Carrie Nation marries physician and alcoholic Dr.
Charles Gloyd (The Book of Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee
Regan, p.62).

1868 - Congress requires a stamp tax on all spirits distilled
in the United States. (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Charles and Maximillian Fleischmann and James Graff, a
distiller, found the Fleischmann Co. to manufacture
compressed yeast and distilled spirits. (Beverage Media
Blue Book, History of Fleischmann).

o - The Federal Excise tax on whiskey is reduced to fifty
cents per proof gallon (Syvertsen, Kentucky
Encyclopedia).

o - The Sour Mash Distilling Company is founded by M.V. Monarch (M.V.Monarch, Jockey Club Brands) (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - A "Bonding Period" of one year is established by Congress.

1869 - National Prohibition Party founded in Chicago (Penguin
Chronology).

o - O.F.C. distillery built by Pat Frazier. (Remarks Merit,
UD Archives, 991.m.144).

o - Alex T Farnsley is born (Who's Who in Louisville,
1923).

o - R. Monarch & Co. (Sour-Mash Whiskey, Kentucky Standard, and R. Monarch and Co. brands)is founded in Daviess County (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - John Hanning Distillery is built in Daviess County with a capacity of 10 barrels per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - T.J. Monarch builds the Eagle Distillery at Grissom's Landing (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1870 - John E Fitgerald builds distillery.[origin of Old
Fitzgerald] (N Morgan 18/11/91).
The original whiskey was called John E Fitzgerald and
was made for the exclusive markets such as Steam ship
lines and private clubs. (UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - George Dickel becomes liquor wholesaler (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - James E. Pepper introduces the Old Fashioned Cocktail
to New York City. (C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - The original Fleischmann Distillery is built at
Riverside, Ohio. Their main products are gin and
bourbon. (Bev. Med. Blue Book, History).

o - J W Dant Builds a modern distillery at Dant's Station
(Spirits, 1936).

o - J T S Brown and Brother is founded (Nothing Better,
Pearce).

1870s - Whiskey Ring defrauded the govt of millions of $ of
taxes. Col Orville Babock, aide to President Grant,
deeply implicated and saved from prison by Grant
(Murphy, Wrld Bk W p 126).

1871 - Glenmore - James Thompson, immigrant from Ireland
started making whiskey in Owensboro. His brother-in
-law, Harry Barton joined him and discovered the supply
oflimestone water at a constant 55 degrees allowed
distillation throughout the summer. (Kentucky's
Historical and Cultural Pathways June 1991).

James born 5 May 1855 in Londonderry, entered USA 1871,
worked for uncles Sam and John Getty in Bowling Green,
Kentucky for two years to pay for transportation to
USA. 1873 to R Knott & Co, Dry Goods, Louisville. (C
Lee, History of Glenmore).

1872 - Yellowstone name given to 1836 brand (F B Thompson,
Spirit of Old Kentucky).
J B Dant renames his brand in honour of the first
national park (N Morgan 18/11/91).
Charles Townsend, partner in Taylor & Williams,
distributors of Dant suggested the new label (Kentucky
Bev Jrnl Nov '56)

o - Philip & Fredrick Stitzel build a distillery [later
Stitzel Weller] (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Bernheim Brothers founded (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of seventy
cents per proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

1873 - Daviess County Distillery is opened. (Bluegrass, Belles
and Bourbon, Kroll).

o - J W M Field starts distilling with a capacity of 2.5 bushels per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - Boiler explodes at the M V Monarch Distillery, flying into the river 200 yards away. Two men were killed (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1874 - Julius P Van Winkle is born in Danville, Ky. (UD
Archives, 992.m.161).

o - The Womens Christian Temperance Union (WCTU) is formed
in Cleveland, Ohio (Bev. Med. Blue Book, Prohibition).

o - Tom Moore starts to work for Willet, Franke and Company
(Origins of Barton, Dalton).

o - The Old Charter brand is introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The Daviess County Distillery Company is founded by Callaghan and Trigg (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1875 - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of ninety
cents per gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - The "Whiskey Ring" is broken up.

1876 - J T Williams joins Taylor to form Taylor and Williams
(Illustrated Louisville, 1890).

o - James Thompson, with 2nd cousin George Brown, form
Brown Thompson. Brown is manager, Thompson salesman.
First product is Old Forrester Bourbon (C Lee, Hist
of Glenmore).

o - Tom Moore and Ben Mattingly form Mattingly and Moore
(Origins of Barton, Dalton).

o - Orville Babcock is brought to trial for his role in the
whiskey ring, but is aquitted with the help of
testimony from President Grant (The Book of Bourbon...,
Gary and Mardee Regan, p.52).

1877 - Alex Hill and William H Perkins acquire the E C Berry distillery in Daviess County and enlarge its capacity to 250 bushels per day. They continue to make E C Berry brand whiskey (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1877/8 - Cascade distillery founded by Brown & Cunningham in
the vicinity of Cascade Spring and Cascade Falls,
formerly known as Gage Creek. (N Morgan, Mar. 4 1992).

1878 - James E Pepper sells distillery to Labrot and Graham.
(C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - Taylor and Williams is listed for the first time in The
Louisville City Directory (U of L Archives).

o - The "Bonding Period" is extended to three years.

1879 - About this time Cascade distillery founded (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - The Tom Moore brand is introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - Bernheim Brothers acquire I W Harper trademark (N
Morgan to T Manners 4/2/92).

o - James E Pepper builds the Henry Clay distillery near
Lexington, Ky. (C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - John Thixton Distillery Company is founded as a wholesale house in Owensboro (History of Daviess County, Interstate Publishing Comapny, 1883).

1880 - H McKenna opens an office in Louisville (Industries of
Louisville and New Albany 1886, Filson Club).

o - Owensboro Distilling Company (W.S.Stone, Farmer's Club, Kentucky brands) founded in Daviess County (History of Daviess County, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - Hill, Perkins and Co. is founded just west of Owensboro. The distillery had a 300 bushel capacity (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publihing Company, 1883).

o - E. P. Millet & Co. is built in Daviess County with a capacity of 350 bushels per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - Fire destroys the John Hanning distillery in Daviess County but he rebuilds with a capacity of 25 barrles per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - T J Monarch opens the Eagle Distillery at Birk City (T.J. Monarch, Imperial, and Cliff Falls brands) (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - Daviess County Club Distillery is founded with a capacity of 380 bushels per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - Boulware & Wilhoit distillery founded in Daviess County to make apple brandy (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1880s - A Whiskey trust [cartel] under the name "Distilling
and Cattle Feed Association operated. Its competition
reduced 83 distilleries to 12. (Murphy, Wrld Bk W
p126).

circa 1880 - Lady Randolph Churchill (Sir Winston's American
mother) introduces the Manhattan cocktail by blending
bourbon with Sweet Vermouth (National Dispatch,
National Distillers Products Magazine, 1964, Page 5).

1881 - Col A Blanton is born (U D Archives, 991.m.140).

o - Brown-Thompson is first listed in the Louisville City
Directory (U of L Archives).

o - R Monarch and E P Millet start a distillery that
produced Kentucky Tavern (U D Archives, Uncataloged
Item).

o - Belmont and Astor distilleries are first listed in the
Louisville City Directory (u of L Archives).

o - Rock Springs Distillery (Hill & Hill) is founded with a 128 bushels capacity (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

o - J T Welch Distilling Company is created with a capacity of 400 bushels per day (History of Daviess County Kentucky, Interstate Publishing Company, 1883).

1882 - Col. Edmund Taylor buys O.F.C. distillery. (Remarks
Merit, UD Archives, 991.m.144).

o - Old Grand-Dad is first sold (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - The Three Feathers brand is introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1883 - A Ph Stitzel's distillery burns down and he builds
another distillery at the same site. UD Archives,
992.m.94).

o - Harry C Hatch is born (Fortune, Nov., 33).

1885 - George T. Stagg buys O.F.C. distillery. (Remarks Merit,
UD Archives, 991.m.144).

o - The Melrose Rare brand is introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1886 - Wright and Taylor are listed for the first time in the
Louisville City Directory (U of L Archives).

1887 - Old Taylor is first sold (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - The "Whiskey Trust" (Distillers' and Cattle Feeders' Trust) is organized.

1888 - "Only two sizeable distilleries out of 80 were
outside the Distilling and Cattle Feed Trust" (Murphy,
Wrld Bk W p 126).

o - Shwab, Dickel's brother-in law, acquires interest in
Cascade Distillery (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - George Dickel acquires sole rights to bottle and
distribute Cascade Whiskey (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Hill and Hill is first sold (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - The Echo Springs brand is introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1889 - James Thompson resigns from Brown Thompson [later
Brown Forman] to set up with brother Francis P
Thompson in James Thompson and brother (C Lee, Hist of
Glenmore).

o - Bernheim Brothers move to Louisville (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - John E Fitzgerald changes the name of his whiskey to
Old Fitzgerald. (UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - Present day distillery is built at Happy Hollow on the
foundations of the old distillery (World Guide to
Whiskey, Jackson).

o - Thomas Moore founds a distillery in Bardstown (Bev Med
Blue Book, History).

1890 - Bernheim Brothers interest in Pleasure Ridge Distillery
- see 1896 (N Morgan to T Manners 4/2/92).

o - Maximillian Fleischmann dies. (UD Archives, 992.m.169).

o - Park and Tilford is incorperated (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - Brown-Forman is established (Nothing Better, Pearce).

o - The Chapeze family sells the Old Charter label and
stocks to Leman and More, who in turn sell it to Wright
and Taylor (Bourbon Information Bureau Book).

o - Gilbert F Heublein takes over his father's business (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The Sherman Anti-Trust Act is used to break up the Distillers' and Cattle Feeders' Trust.

1891 - Lewis S Rosentiel is born. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Thompson Bros. is first listed in the Louisville City
Directory (U of L Archives).

o - Samuel Bronfman is born (Who's Who in the Liquor
Industry, 1966).

1892 - Schenley distillery founded (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - J T Williams gains control of Taylor and Williams (U D
Archives, 992.m.167).

o - Heublein sells its first made cocktails (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - Old Sunny Brook is first sold (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - Schenley, Pennsylvania distillery is opened (U D
Archive, Uncataloged item).

o - Facundo Bacardi makes his first Rum (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1893 - Francis P Thompson dies. (C Lee Hist of Glenmore).

o - Anti-Saloon League founded (Penguin Chronology).

o - Julius P Van Winkle [Pappy] joins W L Weller, whiskey
traders. (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - George T Stagg bottles first pint bottles of whiskey
for the market. (Remarks Merit, UD Archives,
991.m.144).

o - Hiram Walker and Sons feature an exhibit at the Chicago
World's Fair of Canadian Bottled-in-Bond whiskey. This
is credited with being the birth of the Bottled-in-Bond
movement in the United States. (American Wine and
Liquor Journal, March, 1937).

o - H McKenna retires and his two sons, James and Stafford
take over the business (Courier-Journal, Feb. 18,
1934).

1894 - James Thompson marries Atlanta W Barton (C Lee, Hist
of Glenmore).

o - George Dickel dies. (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Yellowstone's warehouse designated "US government
Bonded Warehouse No 1" (C Morris, Glenmore, 15/11/91).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $1.10 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - Ed Beam is made General Manager at Early Times (Belles,
Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

0 - The "bonding Period" is extended to 8 years.

1895 - For the 29th annual encampment of the GAR [Grand Army
of the Repuplic] which was held in Louisville [the
first time on southern soil], I W Harper produced a
canteen shaped decanter filled with "The famous Nelson
County bourbon which bore the name Harper." (Carson Soc
Hist B Photo after p 144).

o - The Anti-Saloon League is formed (Bev. Med. Blue Book,
Prohibition).

1896 - Pleasure Ridge Distillery, in which Bernheim Brothers
had an interest, burns down (N Morgan to T Manners
4/2/92)

o - W L Weller retires (Inventory of W L Weller Estate).

o - George Dant studies Distilling under his father and
brothers (Spirits, 1936).

1897 - Bernheim Brothers build new distillery in Louisville
(N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - US Government passes the bottle-in Bond Act to insure
that the consumers were getting the same bourbon as the
bottle label stated.

o - Tennessee law allows towns with less than 2,000
inhabitants to forbid the sale of alcohol. (N Morgan,
Mar. 4 1992).

o - Charles Fleischmann dies. (UD Archives, 992.m.169).

1898 - Shwab acquires all Cascade Distillery (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - Monarch Distillery goes Bankrupt and is forced to sell
its two Owensboro distilleries (U D Archives,
Uncataloged Item).

1899 - W L Weller dies (Inventory of W L Weller Estate).

o - Bernheim moves to a larger location on Main Street and
sells their old location to W L Weller and Sons
(Bernheim Family History, U of L Archives).

o - Hiram Walker dies (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Kentucky Distillers and Warehouse Company is formed
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Thomas Jeremiah Beam is born (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

1900 - J B Dant gains control of Taylor and Williams (Ky Bev
Jrnl, Nov. 56).

o - Carrie Nation smashes a drugstore in Kansas taking a
sledgehammer to a cask of brandy (The Book of
Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.65).

1901 - National Distillers attempt takeover all Kentucky
Distilleries (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - James Thompson buys Monarch distillery, Owensboro,
for $30,000 and name it Glenmore. (C Lee, Hist of
Glenmore).
Glenmore became Kentucky's largest distillery producing
720 barrels per day (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - George Medley purchases the Daviess County Distillery
(Bluegrass, Belles and Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Fleischmann opens a distillery at Peekskill, New York.
(UD Archives, 992.m.169).

o - An article in the Wine and Spirits Bulletin writes about Abraham Lincoln and his conflicts with Judge Stephan Douglas "Yes" Replied Lincoln "It is true that the first time I saw Judge Douglas I was selling whiskey by the drink. I was on the inside of the bar and the Judge was on the outside. I was busy selling, he was busy buying." (Aug. 1, 1901, p. 20).

o - Article in the Wine and Spirit Bulletin about Stephan A. Ritchie entitled "Kentucky's First Distiller" (Feb. 1, 1901).

1903 - Michael Joseph Owens brought out the first fully
automatic glass making machine (Carson, Soc Hist B.
p 233).

o - Prohibition in Tennessee (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - The third Stitzel distillery on Story Ave. is opened
(Louisville City Directory, U of L Archives).

o - Weller's Cabin Still trademark is first registered (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The Kentucky Tavern trademark is first registered (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1905 - Mondamin whiskey trademark is registered by A Ph
Stitzel Co. (Uncataloged item UD Archives).

1906 - James E Pepper dies (C Cowdery, Heritage of James E
Pepper).

o - Federal Food and Drug Act places whiskey labels under regulation effective Jan. 1, 1907. Starts controversy over definition of whiskey.

1907 - Lewis S Rosentiel is hired by Susquemec Distilling Co.
in Milton Ky. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

1908 - The Pepper family sells the distillery to investors
from Chicago. (C Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - J P Van Winkle and Alex T Farnsley gain controlling
interest in W L Weller & Sons. (UD Archives, 992.m.67).

1909 - President Taft issued a legal decision defining whiskey types.

1910 - All distilleries in Tenessee ordered to close within 12
months (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - George Medley dies and his son Thomas becomes the owner
of the distillery. (Bluegrass, Belles and Bourbon,
Kroll).

o - T William Samuels is born (Courier-Journal, Oct 3,
1992).

1911 - George Dickel moves to Louisville (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Carrie Nation dies (The Book of Bourbon..., Gary and
Mardee Regan, p.62).

1912 - George P Weller retires from W L Weller and Sons
(Filson Club, Weller Family File).

o - John Weller dies (Jefferson County Will Book).

o - J B Dant opens a new distillery at Gethsemane, Kentucky
for the production of Yellowstone (History of Nelson
County, Distilleries).

1913 - Webb Kenyon law controlled interstate traffic in liquor
- especially between wet and dry states (Murphy, Wrld
Bk W p 132).

o - Glenmore - Harry Barton errected a new distillery.
(Kentucky's Historic & Cultural Pathway June 1991).

o - Louisville's Courier-Journal prints a special "Southern
Prosperity Edition" featuring many distillers and
distilleries.

o - Congress overrides President Taft's veto of the Webb
-Kenyon act that prohibits the transport of liquor into
dry areas (Bev. Med. Blue Book, Prohibition).

1914 - Hobson Bill for prohibition narrowly defeated (Murphy,
Wrld Bk W p 132).

o - All wine and malt beverages prohibited within the jurisdiction of the U.S. Navy.

1915 - Isaac Bernheim retires (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Jack Beam dies. S L Guthrie acquires Early Times (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

circa 1917 - Dan McKenna dies (Kentucky Standard, April 15,
1976).

1917 - Prohibition, subject to State agreement (Murphy, Wrld
Bk W p 132).

o - Lever Food and Fuel Act ended legal beverage distillation. The Federal Excise Tax is raised to $3.20 a proof gallon.

1918 - Prohibition and War closes the McKenna distillery, but
it is not dismantled (Spirit, 1934).

1919 - Volstead Act gave teeth to prohibition (Murphy, Wrld Bk
W p 132).

o - Glenmore - Obtained permit to produce "medicinal
whiskey" (Kentucky Historic etc June 1991).

o - Nebraska is the 36th state to ratify the 18th
admendment (Bev. Med. Blue Book, Prohibition).

o - Compania Ron Bacardi is incorporated in Cuba (Fortune, Nov., 33).

o - Taxes on spirits withdrawn for beverage use is $6.40
per proof gallon.

1920 - Prohibition, under the 18th amendment (Murphy, Wrld Bk
W p 133).

o - Yellowstone bottled for medicinal purposes during
prohibition (Kentucky Bev Jrnl Nov '56).

o - A Ph Stitzel receives a license to make "medicinal
whiskey". (UD Archives, 992.m.67).

1921 - Col A B Blanton is made President of George T Stagg (U
D Archives, 991.m.144).

1922 - The U S government passes the Concentration Act, creating concentration warehouses in the United States (Fortune, May, 36).

o - Henri (Don Enrique) Schueg (Facundo Bacardi's son-in-law) becomes President of Bacardi (Fortune, Nov., 33).

1923 - Prohibition repealed in New York State (Penguin
Chronology).

o - James Chapeze Hagan purchases the Old Charter
distillery from Wright and Taylor (Chapeze Family File,
Filson Club).

o - Frank Tilford sells Park and Tilford to David Sculte
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Brown-Forman acquires Early Times (Nothing Better,
Pearce).

o - Harry C Hatch purchases Gooderham and Worts Ltd. (Fortune, Nov., 33).

1924 - Probable date Lewis Rosenstiel acquired Schenley
distillery (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - James Thompson dies (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Seagrams merges with Distillers Corperation Limited
with Bronfman at the head of Seagrams (Who's Who in the
Liquor Industry, 1966).

o - National Distillers Products Corperation is formed (Bev
Med Blue Book, History).

o - Schenley acquires Finch and Co. (Life, July 21, 66).

1925 - David Schulte acquires the Old Overholt distillery and brand (Fortune, Nov., 33).

1926 - Harry C Walker acquires Hiram Walker (Bev. Med Blue Book, History).

1927 - James Thompson & Brother and Thompson Holding Company
merge with Glenmore Distillery to form Glenmore
Distillery to sell medicinal alcohol (U D Archives,
992.m.160).

o - Ben-Burke Incorperated (Mr. Boston) is founded (Bev Med
Blue Book, History).

o - Kentucky Distillers and Warehouse Company sold to
American Medicinal Spirits Company (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - National Distillers acquires the Old Overholt and Large distilleries from David Schulte of Park and Tilford (Fortune, Nov., 33).

1929 - St. Valentines day massacre in Chicago (Bev. Med. Blue
Book, Prohibition).

o - National Distillers purchases all of the outstanding
stock of American Medicinal Spirits Company (Bef Med
Blue Book, History).

o - Schenley acquires the Geo. T Stagg distillery (Life, July 21, 1966).

1930 - Government allows distilleries to make a limited
quantity of whiskey for "medicinal use" so the supplies
do not run out. (Remarks Merit, UD Archives,
991.m.144).

o - George P Weller dies (Filson Club, Weller Family File).

1931 - Wickersham report blast prohibition (Bev. Med. Blue
Book, Prohibition).

1932 - "Connoisseur Cordials" is introduced by Mr. Boston
(Welcome to the World of Mr Boston).

1933 - Prohibition ends with Roosevelt signing the 21rst
amendment (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Taylor and Williams build new Yellowstone distillery
in Louisville (Kentucky Beverage Jrnl Nov '56).

o - Lewis Rosenstiel forms Schenley Distillers Corporation
(N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Stitzel joins with Weller to form Stitzel-Weller (N
Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Stitzel-Weller purchases Old Fitzgerald. (UD Archives,
992.m.67).

o - Glenmore - Stock of 31,000 barrels of aged whiskey
allows instant shipping to all distributors (Kentucky
Historical and Cultural Pathways June 1991).

o - Schenley buys the Squibb distillry in Lawrenceburg,
Ind. (Life, July 21, 66).

o - Schenley buys James E Pepper brand and distillery. (C
Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

o - Leo Gerngross and Emil Schwarzhaupt buy Bernheim
Distilling Co. (UD Archives, 991.m.190 a+b).

o - Taylor and Williams builds the Yellowstone Distillery
in Shively (Ky Bev Jrnl, Nov 56).

o - Seagrams acquires the Lawrenceburg Indiana distillery
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Mr Boston Dry Gin is introduced (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - The Excise tax is raised to a $1.50 per proof gallon
(Syvertsen, Kentucky Encyclopedia).

o - Oscar Getz decides to enter the liquor industry
(Origins of Barton, Dalton).

o - Fleischmann begins Gin production at Peekskill, N.Y. (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The Distilled Spirits Institute is formed (Bretzfield, Liquor Marketing and Liquor Advertising, p.232).

1934 - Glenmore - First company to introduce a special holiday
pack (Kentucky Historical & Cultural June 1991).

o - By the end of the year liquor sales are legal in 27
states and the District of Columbia (Bev Med. Blue
Book, Prohibition).

o - Seagrams acquires its Relay Maryland distillery (Bev
Med Blue Book, History).

o - Kentucky Valley Distillery is founded by James Hagan
(Filson Club, Chapeze Family File).

o - Austin, Nichols and Co enters the liquor industry as an
importer and blender of whiskey (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to $2.00 per proof
gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - McKenna distillery is re-opened with James and Stafford
McKenna in charge (Courier-Journal, Feb. 18, 1934).

o - Harry A Tuer purchases and modernizes the Tom Moore
Distillery (Origins of Barton, Dalton).

o - Dant and Head distillery is opened at Gethsemane,
Kentucky (History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

o - Julius Kesseler sells the rights to use his name on a brand to Seagram's (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - Seagram's introduces Seven Crown (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - Midlands Distilleries founded (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The National Association of Alcoholic Beverage Importers, Inc and The National Conference of State Liquor Administrators are formed (Bretzfield, Liquor Marketing and Liquor Advertising,p.232).

1935 - Stitzel-Weller's new Shively, Ky. distillery is opened
on Derby Day. (UD Archives, 992.m.67).

o - Schenley International Corperation formed to handle
exports. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

o - By the end of the year liquor sales are legal in 40
states and the District of Columbia (Bev. Med. Blue
Book, Prohibition).

o - Heaven Hill distillery is founded (World Guide to
Whiskey, Jackson).

o - Mr Boston Bartenders Guide is first published (Welcome
to the World of Mr Boston).

o - Schenley acquires New England Distillery in Covington
Kentucky (U D Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Stafford McKenna dies (Kentucky Standard, April 15,
1976).

o - Creel Brown Jr. inherits the J T S Brown distillery (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Wilken Family blended whiskey is introduced (Fortune, May, 1936).

o - Midlands Distilleries changes its name to Southern Comfort Corp. (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1936 - Rebel Yell created personify the South by Charles
Farnsley, a nephew of Alex, a Stitzel-Weller
executive. Originally on a limited, personally
controlled distribution. Charles went on to become
Mayor of Louisville and a Kentucky Congressman.
(Kentucky Encyclopedia p 309 and Nicholas Morgan
18/11/91).

o - Dant Distillery re-opens with George Dant as Plant
manager (Spirits, 1936).

o - National Distillers dissolves American Medicinal
Spirits Company (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Using bulk "bourbon type" whiskey from Canada, Schenley introduces Schenley's Ancient Age (Fortune, May, 36).

1937 - Schenley acquire Bernheim Brothers (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Schenley acquire George Dickel (N Morgan 18/11/91).

o - Schenley moves its main office to the Empire State
Building in New York City. (UD Archives, 991.m.140).

o - Chapeze Station is renamed Limestone Springs (Chapeze
Family File, Filson Club).

o - Seagrams acquires Calvert Co. (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

1938 - Fleischmann becomes the distributors of Black & White
Scotch in the U.S. (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Austin, Nichols sells its grocery interest to
concentrate on its liquor business (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $2.25 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - Schenley becomes the sole distributor of Bacardi rum in the U S (U D Archives, 991.m.192).

o - Seagram's Extra-dry Gin introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - Schenley acquires the rights to Geo. Dickel's Cascade brand whiskey (Life, July 21, 66).

o - National Alcoholic Beverage Control Association is formed (Bretzfield, Liquor Marketing and Liquor Advertising, p.233).

o - After March 1, 1938 straight whiskey (other than corn whiskey) has to be aged in new barrels (Bretzfield, Liquor Marketing and Liquor Advertising, p. 216).

1939 - Paramount (Viking) Distillery is opened in Albany,
Georgia (Spirited Times, April/May, 1992).

o - Heublein acquires the rights to Smirnoff Vodka (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1940 - Fleischmann purchases Daviess County distillery from
Thomas Medley. Thomas Medley dies later that year.
(Bluegrass, Belles and Borbon, Kroll).

o - The Medley Brothers open another distillery, the
family's fourth distillery. (Bluegrass, Belles, and
Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Schenley acquires the Oldetyme Distillery (U D
Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Brown-Forman acquires the Labrot and Graham distillery
(Nothing Better, Pearce).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $3.00 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - James McKenna dies (Kentucky Standard. April 15, 1976).

o - National Distillers acquires the Dant and Head
distillery (History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

1941-1945 - Schenley produces more than 200 million proof
gallons of war alcohol. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

1941 - Tennessee whiskey recognized as a seperate form of
whiskey (C Morris, Glenmore, 15/11/91).

o - Alex T Farnsley dies. (UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - Schenley acquires Cresta Blanca Wine Company (U D
Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Harry S Barton dies (Glenmore Annual Report, 1941).

o - Seagrams acquires Brown Vitners Co. Inc. (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $4.00 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

1942 - Charter and Weller relaunched after withdrawl during
prohibition (15/11/91).

o - US government orders bottles to be made with thinner
glass and without unnecessary designs to save glass.
(UD Archives, 991.m.145).

o - Seagrams acquires William Jamison Co. (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - Ben-Burke is sold to American Distilling Co. (Bev Med
Blue Book, History).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $6.00 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - Austin, Nichols first bottles Wild Turkey (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1943 - Roma Wines becomes affilliated with Schenley (U D
Archives, 991.m.145).

o - Seagrams acquires Four Roses (Bev Med Blue Book,
History).

o - McKenna distillery and label sold to Seagrams but the
McKenna recipe is not part of the deal (Mary Hite, Getz
Museum, 12/2/93).

o - National acquires Glencoe Distillery (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - Bacardi ends its distribution deal with Schenley (1945 Schenley Annual Report).

1944 - Glenmore - Purchases Yellowstone brand and distillery
Louisville (Kentucky Historic etc June 1991).

o - Schenley purchases Louisville Cooperage (U D Archives,
992.m.164).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $9.00 per
proof gallon (Whiskey..., Getz).

o - Oscar Getz purchases the Tom Moore Distillery (Origins
of Barton, Dalton).

o - Arm and Hammer acquires the Dant and Head distillery
(History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

1945 - United States government has restricted the distilling
industry to just 95 days of commercial production and
restricts the types, grade, and quantities of grain
used. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

o - H C Berkowitz and other family members purchase Ben
-Burke and change the name to Berke Brothers
Distilleries Inc. (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Schenley purchases Quebec Distillery Inc. (U D
Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Schenley acquires Many, Blanc and Co (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - Schenley acquires a Bardstown distillery (History of
Nelson County, Distilleries).

o - Schenley acquires the Companie Ron Carrico of San Juan Puerto Rico to replace the Bacardi rums (1945 Schenley Annual Report).

o - Schenley acquires the Louisville Cooperage (1945 Schenley Annual Report).

1946 - US government lifts the price controls established
during the second World War, on many products
including whiskey. (UD Archives, 991.m.23).

o - Glenmore purchases the Happy Hollow Distillery
(Glenmore Annual Report, 1946).

o - Schenley acquires Chess and Wymond Cooperage (U D Archives, Uncataloged Item).

o - The Licensed Beverage Industries is formed (The Book of
Bourbon..., Gary and Mardee Regan, p.81).

o - The Licensed Beverage Industries are formed (Bretzfield, Liquor Marketing and Liquor Advertising, p.233).

1947 - A Ph Stitzel dies. (UD Archives, 992.m.94).

o - Schenley acquires the Limestone Springs (Chapeze
Station) distillery (U D Archive, Uncataloged Item).

o - Schenley introduces Canadian MacNaughton (U D Archives, Uncataloged Item).

1948 - Schenley acquires the Ekron, Ky. distillery (U D
Archives, Uncataloged Item).

o - Schenley acquires the Melrose trademark (Life, July 21, 66).

1949 - Sales of liquor are legal in 46 states and the District
of Columbia. Only Mississippi and Oklahoma are still
officially dry (Bev. Med. Blue Book, Prohibition).

o - David Schulte dies; his sons take over Park and Tilford
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

1950 - Schenley acquires Cook's Imperial Champagne (Life, July 21, 66).

1951 - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $10.50
per proof gallon (Whiskey: A Pictorial History, Getz).

o - Bourbon Supreme is Introduced (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1952 - Schenley acquires the Dant Distillery (Bev Med Blue
Book, History).

o - Col Blanton retires and the George T Stagg distillery
in Frankfort is renamed the Albert B Blanton Distillery
in his honor (U D Archives, 991.m.146).

1953 - Berke Brothers changes its name to Mr Boston
Distilleries Inc. (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Makers Mark is founded with technical help from
Stitzel-Weller (World Guide to Whiskey, Jackson).

1954 - Schenley acquires controlling interest in Park and
Tilford (Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Beam acquires the Churchill distillery in Boston
Kentucky (History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

o - Canadian O F C brands are introduced by Schenley (U D Archives, Uncataloged Item).

1955 - Brown-Forman acquires Jack Daniels (Nothing Better,
Pearce).

o - Creel Brown Jr sells J T S Brown to Alvin A Gould of Cincinnati, Ohio (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

1956 - Glenmore launches "Mellowmash" campaign (Kentucky Bev
Journal Nov '56).

o - Schenley acquires Seagar, Evans and Co. (U D Archives,
992.m.164).

circa 1957 - Ezra Brooks is purchased when the Medley Brothers
acquire 21 Brands Distillery. The brand is purchased
because the salesmen in the field feel that they need
a brand to compete with Jack Daniels. (C Medley.
2/10/92).

1957 - Paramount Distillery changes its name to Viking
Distillery (Spirited Times, April/May, 1992).

o - Oscar Getz opens his whiskey museum (Flaget Nalley,
Getz Museum).

1958 - Ralph Dupps builds Dickel distillery close to the site
of the former Cascade Hollow Distillery (N Morgan
18/11/91).

o - The Bourbon Institute is founded to promote bourbon in
the United States. (UD Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Congress lengthens the Bond period from 8 to 20 years.
(UD Archives, 992.m.164).

o - Park and Tilford becomes a sales division of Schenley
(Bev Med Blue Book, History).

o - Schenley introduces Black Friar's Gin (U D Archives, Uncataloged Item).

o - Schenley builds a distillery in Scotland (Life, July 21, 66).

o - Schenley Elegance brands of Vodka, Rum, Brandy and Licquers are introduced (U D Archives, Uncataloged Item).

1959 - The Medley distillery is sold toRenfield Importers of
New York, but John and Wathen Medley continue to run
the plant. (Belles, Bluegrass and Bourbon, Kroll).

o - Col Blanton dies (U D Archives, 991.m.146).

1960 - Ben and Tom Medley open a fifth family owned distilley
at Stanley, Ky. The rebuild the old Stanley Distillery
from the ground up. (Bluegrass, Belles and Bourbon,
Kroll).

o - Distillers and vintners of Europe grant bourbon whiskey which meets U.S. government regulations the same international recognition and protection extended to the Scotch and cognac industries.

1961 - The Medley Bros. quit distilling at the Stanley
Distillery after only one year. The bottling operation
is still used today by the Medley family. (C Medley,
2/10/92).

o - Ezra Brooks defends itself successfully against a law
suit from Jack Daniels over its label design. (Courier
-Journal article).

1960's - Schenley discontinues the James E Pepper brand. (C
Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

1962 - Glenmore Marketing Committee formed. Glenmore did some
marketing in the 1950's but did not get into it until
the 1960's (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Rebel Yell relaunched to commemorate Civil War
centennial (C Morris Glenmore, 14/8/92).

o - Mr Boston acquires the Viking Distillery (Spirited
Times, April/May, 1992).

o - Fleischmann Vodka is first made at the Clinton, Iowa distillery (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1964 - Congress passes an act defining Scotch whiskey as a
product of Scotland, Canadian whiskey as a product of
Canada, etc... (UD Archives 991.m.102).

o - The market debut of Geo Dickel. (UD Archives,
992.m.164).

1965 - J P Van Winkle dies. (UD Archives, 992.m.161).

o - Seagram's introduces 100 Pipers Scotch (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

1966 - Thomas Medley dies (Medley Family Tree).

1967 - American Brands purchases Jim Beam (1988 Liquor
Industry Marketing Handbook, p.24).

o - L S Rosonstiel retires and sells all of his stock to Glen Alden Corp. (New York Times, Jan. 22, 76).

1968 - Seagram's introduces Benchmark Premium Bourbon (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70).

o - The Alcohol and Tobacco Tax Division of the United States Government creates the catagory of "Light Whiskey": whiskey distilled at a proof higher than 160 proof and aged in used or uncharred cooperage. The product will appear on the market after July 1, 1972 (Liquor Store Magazine, June 1968, p.107).

1969 - Glenmore Purchases Foreign Vintages Co, New York (C
Lee, History of Glenmore).

o - Barton acquires the Glencoe Distillery northwest of
Bardstown to suppliment their warehousing capacity
(History of Nelson County, Distilleries).

o - Heublein packages 8oz canned cocktails (Liquor Store Magazine, Feb., 70)

1970 - Glenmore Purchased "Old Mr. Boston Co.", founded in
1930's (C Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

1971 - Brown-Forman purchases Canadian Mist from Barton (C
Morris, 25/1/93).

o - Austin, Nichols purchases the Lawrenceburg Ky.
distillery to make Wild Turkey (World Guide to Whiskey,
Jackson).

1972 - Stitzel-Weller is purchased by Norton-Simon, who make
it part of Somerset Imports. They later change the name
of the distillery to Old Fitzgerald (UD Archives,
991.m.32).

o - Glen Alden is acquired by Rapid American (New York Times, Jan. 22, 76).

1973 - The Distilled Spirits Council of the United States
(DISCUS) is formed (The Book of Bourbon..., Gary and
Mardee Regan, p.81).

1974 - The last whiskey is made at the Fairfield distillery
(Kentucky Standard, April 15, 1976).

1975 - Bill Samuels Jr. becomes President of Makers Mark
(Courier-Journal, Oct. 3, 1992).

o - Frank B Thompson Jr. dies (C Lee, History of Glenmore).

1976 - McKenna distillery closed by Seagrams and the property
sold (Mary Hite, Getz Museum, 12/2/93).

o - L S Rosensteil dies (New York Times, Jan. 22, 76).

1977 - Schenley sells its Lexington, Ky. warehouses (Pepper)(C
Cowdery, Hert. James E Pepper).

1978 - Abraham Schecter buys Medley (U D Archives, Uncataloged
Item).

1980 - Wathen Medley dies (Medley Family Tree).

1981 - Glenmore Purchased Lawrence Winery, San Luis Obispo,
California. Name changed to Corbett Canyon in 1983 (C
Lee, Hist of Glenmore).

o - Makers Mark is sold to Hiram Walker (Courier-Journal,
Oct. 3, 1992).

o - John Medley dies (Medley Family Tree).

o - Joseph Engelhard dies (Glenmore Annual Report, 1981).

1982 - Oscar Getz retires (Flaget Nalley, Getz Museum).

1983 - Schenley sells the Ancient Age brand and the Blanton
Distillery (C Morris, 12/11/1992).

o - Barton Distillery purchased by Argyll (World Guide to
Whiskey, Jackson).

o - Oscar Getz dies (Flaget Nalley, Getz Museum).

1984 - Stitzel-Weller acquired by DLC (C Morris, Glenmore,
15/11/91).

1985 - The 50th Anniversary Edition of Mr Boston Bartenders
Guide includes a video and computer software suppliment
(Glenmore Annual Report, 1986).

o - The Federal Excise Tax is raised to a rate of $12.50
per proof gallon (Kentucky Encyclopedia, Syvertsen).

1986 - DLC joins Guiness (C Morris, Glenmore, 15/11/91).

1987 - Guiness acquires Schenley (C Morris, Glenmore,
15/11/91).

o - Jim Beam (part of American Brands) acquires National
Distillers (Wine and Spirits Industry Marketing, 1991).

1988 - Glenmore acquires Medley [Ezra Brooks] (C Morris,
Glenmore, 15/11/91).

1989 - Ezra Brooks wins the Gold Medal at the International
Spirits Competition in London: Kentucky Tavern wins
the Silver Medal (C Morris 12/8/92).

o - Glenmore acquires Fleischmann Distilling Co. (C Morris,
18/9/92).

1990 - Ben Medley dies (Medley Family Tree).

o - Col Frank B Thompson dies (C Morris, 3/2/93).

1991 - Guiness acquires Glenmore (C Morris, Glenmore,
15/11/91).

o -
Mike Veach
"Our people live almost exclusively on whiskey" - E H Taylor, Jr. 25 April 1873
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bourbonv
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Unread postby bunghole » Sat Aug 06, 2005 11:49 am

HUZZAH!

Hey Mike you've got fourteen more years to add to your time line.

Pants Away Babay! Yeah!

:arrow: Linn :king:
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